Posted on August 7, 2019
Rescue Stretchers – The Early Beginnings of the Modern Evacuation Chair
Throughout history anywhere there was battles, wars and disasters there was a need for stretchers.
The Furley Stretcher and the Ashford Litter have been the first recognized stretchers developed for the St John’s Ambulance by using Sir John Furley of Ashford in Kent. The Ashford Litter changed into a basic Furley stretcher equipped with wheels and a canvas cowl to protect the affected person and got here to the fore all through the First World War.
The Lowmoor Jacket turned into evolved to overcome the difficulties that were experienced when the use of the Furley stretcher in restrained spaces and originated in the mining communities of the North East close to Bradford. While the Furley stretcher continued to be used in wide-open ground, the Lowmoor Jacket was better appropriate for confined regions.
The Mansfield stretcher turned into some other layout that became typically observed on Royal Navy ships however there were events while this became unsuitable, mainly when raising casualties from the boiler room via the slim hatch. The solution turned into the version of Japanese hammocks, which resulted inside the “Hammock for Hoisting Wounded Men from Stokeholds and for Use in Ships whose ash hoists are 2ft 6in diameter” stretcher.
This long titled stretcher was to shape the basis of what sooner or later became the Neil Robertson stretcher and this is nonetheless discovered for rescue in confined areas a hundred years later. Similar trends were underway across the Atlantic, which caused the Stokes Litter, and these stretcher designs had been regularly outfitted with skids for use in mountain rescue.
The Thomas Stretcher changed into designed within the Thirties by means of Eustace Thomas and became commissioned mainly for mountain rescue, as the present designs have been no longer absolutely appropriate for these harsh environments. This remained the dominant mountain rescue stretcher properly into the Nineteen Fifties whilst its name turned into challenged by using the Duff stretcher, initially this changed into a wheeled stretcher however through 1950 it had been adapted for rescue work. For ease of transport its runners may be detached and the body folded in 1/2.
The 1970s noticed the lightweight tubular body stretchers of McInnes come into force and blanketed fashions for use at altitude and motorised ones that ran on a stroke engine. McInnes’s designs have been famous with mountain and helicopter rescues because of their weight and capability to be operated by a unmarried person. The subsequent actual advancement came within the 80’s with the Bell stretcher, which had the functionality of splitting in half and had folding handles.
The modern rescue stretchers have protected extra modular additives that could be transported in rucksacks or folded and assembled on web site. These include the Ogwen, Alphin and the Katie stretchers that were all designed with brief deployment at the twist of fate scene. Other all terrain stretchers that had been evolved for lowering down steep inclines and rocky outcrops are the Tyromont and the Mariner, each having the ability to be gently lowered or raised over risky ground.
Alex has been interested by the design of rescue device, inclusive of evac chairs, from an early age. When he was a student he got concerned in growing a brand new sort of evacuation chair.